Strategy – Post Reading
G.I.S.T. stands for Generating Interactions between
Schemata and Text. It is a strategy
that is used to assist students’ comprehension of material and improve their
summarizing skills. This strategy
forces students to delete trivial information, select key ideas, and generalize
concepts into their own language.
teacher selects a short passage (2 to 4 paragraphs) that contains an important
teacher types the paragraphs and transfers them to an overhead transparency.
teacher shows students only the first paragraph.
teacher gives students a worksheet containing 20 blanks and asks them to read
the paragraph and summarize it in 20 words or less. Words
do not have to come directly from the text.
teacher creates an overhead transparency of the worksheet containing 20 blanks.
teacher solicits feedback from the students and generates a composite summary as
a guide on the overhead transparency.
teacher reveals the second paragraph and asks students to generate a summary
statement that encompasses all of the information in the first two
paragraphs in only 20 words. (Compact
teacher may continue this process (steps 5-7) for the remaining paragraphs until
the G.I.S.T. summary is complete or have students begin a new G.I.S.T. summary
over the remaining paragraph(s).
– use as an independent strategy at home.
be phrases, not complete sentences.
that tune – I can summarize this in only 18 words.
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